Mahatma Gandhi Life Story & Facts That You Don’t Know

Mahatma Gandhi Life Story & Facts That You Don’t Know

Our today’s Motivator is someone who has not only made his folks proud by living there dream but made the dream of 1.2 billion Indians a reality. His journey is far-fetching and wondrous. From once been thrown out of the train for being black in the white’s world to the honor of to bronze sculptured towering statue in the British Parliament Square London, standing face to face against the former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill who once called him as India’s Half Naked Beggar. He is non-other than the architect of Indian freedom ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ who once shook the most powerful empire of his time.

Mahatma referring to as Great Soul, the title bearer Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian National Civil Rights leader and a Lawyer by profession. Gandhi is also referred as Bapu in India and highly eulogize as the Father of the Nation of the world’s biggest democracy. He is an inspiration and mentor for many worlds’ generations. Gandhi not only fought for the people rights in India but also for the rights of Indians and blacks in South Africa during the British rule. The King Martin Luther Jr referring Gandhi as “The little brown saint” once said, “Christ gave us the goals and Mahatma Gandhi the tactics.”

Origin

In May 1883, the 13 years old Mohandas got married to Kasturba in an arranged child marriage as per the customs of that time. Gandhi was best educated amongst his brothers. In 1887 he got Matric securing 40% and enrolled himself at Samaldas College in Bhavnagar for higher education. During his very first semester, Gandhi felt strong homesickness and did very poor in exams. Thus returned back home. Though Gandhi was mediocre but was the only well-educated brother amongst his siblings. Thus Gandhi was seen as the best candidate in the family to succeed his father’s position and to pursue that, Gandhi was sent to London to study Law.

London

Gandhi’s very first case of his life was in Bombay and He was simply not able to open his mouth in front of the judge. He was frizzed. Even after obtaining a law degree he doubted his ability to practice. Humiliated Gandhi came back home and was searching for an escape. Luckily his search came to an end when he got a call from South Africa, which was ruled by the British then, asking to work as a legal representative for the Muslim Indian Traders in the city of Pretoria.

South Africa

In 1906, Gandhi organized his first mass civil disobedience campaign called “Satyagraha” to fight for the rights of Indians. The government even refused to recognize Hindu Marriages. In 1910, Gandhi established a community called ‘Tolstoy Farm’ in Johannesburg where he nurtured the peaceful protest. In the year after black South Africans gained the right to vote in South Africa. Gandhi was proclaimed a national hero with numerous monuments.

Gandhi, India and its Independence

Initially, Gandhi tried to work independence in cooperation with the British government but British failed to show any desired to leave its biggest cash cow. Then on 13 April 1919, over 379 civilians got killed and thousands of them were injured at Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre. The Colonel Reginald Dyer commanded the British Indian army to open fire on the crowd for at least ten minutes, who had assembled to celebrate the annual Baisakhi festival. This brutality stunned entire nation. Thus this lead to the launched of Non-Cooperation movement led by Gandhi in 1920 which was a peaceful nonviolent resist against the British Raj.

The Salt Satyagraha

Finally, the government agreed to release all political prisoners in March 1931, in return for the suspension of civil disobedience movement. Later 1942 Gandhi got arrested again and was put in prison for starting a movement called ‘Quit India’ against the British with a slogan of ‘Do or Die’ demanding a complete freedom from the British rule. The moment had turned violent while Gandhi was in prison. Later when Gandhi came out of prison Muslim league led by ‘Muhammad Ali Jinnah’ had gained a political center and wanted a separate nation of Muslim majority called Pakistan. Gandhi tried with his all possible efforts to stop the partition. Gandhi believed that we Indians irrespective of religion, caste or color can unite and live together after the independence. But that lead to severe riots across the country and several Indians nearly 10–12 millions of Hindus, Muslims and Christians were killed while crossing the borders during the Partition.

Finally, on 14 August 1947 British Viceroy Lord Mountbatten announced India Independent partitioning into two nations India and Islamic Pakistan.

Assassination

Learnings

  • Mahatma Gandhi thought us the most effortless common sense. ‘Do what you are taught’ which sounds easy but difficult to endeavor. In the process of growing up, we often forget to master the most basic principle of Love and Truth which are taught us from the childhood and are very much needed to deal with mankind.
  • Gandhi never availed luxury. With an opinion of using just essentials, Gandhi had a treasure of wisdom rather than material valuable. Being simple may be boring but that’s the thing which will make you best among the better.
  • Gandhi thought us to be strongly patriotic with respecting every religion, every nation, and every human being. “The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” — Mahatma Gandhi.

PS: Rare Footage of the Legend!

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